Broadcast meteorologists are on the front lines of weather communication, talking us through the weather on local television news and social media every day. Part of the job is staying cool in the face of criticism and keeping mum on things that annoy them. Here are a few secrets your favorite TV meteorologist would love to tell you about their jobs — but can’t.

1. Most television meteorologists aren’t paid well

It’s easy to assume your friendly neighborhood weatherperson is raking in the dough. They’re on TV, after all, so how hard could they have it? “You made more money at your first job than we did,” said one meteorologist at a news station in the southeastern U.S.

The average salary for broadcast meteorologists around the United States is about $57,000, but that takes into account well-paid bigwigs — think Tom Skilling at WGN in Chicago — as well as the chipper new weekend meteorologist who’s barely old enough to go to a bar. A meteorologist starting out in a smaller television market could struggle to crack $20,000 a year, which is hardly enough to live on.

2. They get death threats for interrupting popular shows

It’s frustrating to miss your favorite TV show because someone 25 miles away is getting a severe thunderstorm. But cutting into regular programming to cover a tornado warning is a public service required by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC).

A network’s FCC broadcast license comes with the requirement that the station’s broadcast serves the public interest; during a tornado, that public interest is very much keeping those in harm’s way aware of what’s on the horizon.

Broadcast meteorologists get flooded with hate mail and even death threats when they have to interrupt a popular show for severe weather coverage. These stations can’t divide their feed to show coverage only to people in harm’s way — over-the-air broadcasts don’t work like that. 

It should go without saying, but keeping people safe from a tornado is more important than catching an episode that will appear online 12 hours later.

3. Personal criticism is out of bounds — and it cuts deep

Whether it’s sunny or snowy, meteorologists take a whole heap of guff over any forecast. They have thick skins and can take the heat. Predicting the future is hard and sometimes they get it wrong. What they can’t abide, though, are the endless comments on their personal appearance. 

There are entire comment threads that debate whether or not a meteorologist is pregnant.

People comment on their makeup. And hair. And outfits. And that they’re just not as pretty as the morning meteorologist. And whether or not that dress is appropriate. And if that suit fits as well as it used to. There are entire comment threads that debate whether or not a meteorologist is pregnant. 

That kind of gossip is engrained in our culture. We’re surrounded by criticism of A-List celebrities. Those celebrities are themselves surrounded by entourages and more money than any of us could ever imagine, building a virtual wall that protects them from the endless nitpicking they receive from the general public.

Television meteorologists don’t have that luxury. It’s a part of their job to monitor the barrage of social media posts and emails that come in on a daily basis. They see it all — the insults, the comments, the jokes, the outright harassment. It stings to have to deal with that on a daily basis. Some folks even walk away from their dream jobs to preserve their mental health after the endless stream of nastiness.

Your local forecaster is your neighbor. They’re average people getting up to do an honest day’s work. They don’t need to deal with that kind of harassment. Please be kind to them. They would appreciate it more than you know.

4. They already answered your question in the forecast

How much snow will I see in Reidsville? 

When will the rain start tomorrow?

Will I need a coat for my son’s soccer game on Sunday?

The next time you see a forecast from your favorite meteorologist on Facebook or Twitter, take a look at the comment thread beneath the post. Active weather days can see a forecaster bombarded with hundreds of questions asking what, where, when, and how much of whatever type of weather is coming in the days ahead. 

The answer to just about any weather question is answered in the forecast. A meteorologist’s job is much easier if everyone takes a minute or two to read the post or watch the video clip.

Some meteorologists have to be more diplomatic about telling folks to pay attention than others. Legendary Alabama meteorologist James Spann famously has to tell his followers to “read the blog” for forecast details dozens of times a day when the weather is active.

5. They don’t know if it’s going to rain at your house

Weather prediction is one of humankind’s greatest scientific achievements. We can accurately predict the weather up to a week in advance, giving people days of lead time before dangerous storms form. It’s easy to take weather forecasting for granted given the incredible tools and accuracy we enjoy today. We’ve come to expect so much from forecasting that our expectations can outpace reality.

Current technology isn’t capable of accurately forecasting things like precipitation amounts down to the street level.

Despite all of our advances, meteorologists still can’t tell you exactly how much rain or snow you’ll see at your house. Current technology isn’t capable of accurately forecasting things like thunderstorm development or precipitation amounts down to the street level. Showers and thunderstorms pop up due to minute differences in how the ground beneath them heats up in the sunshine. Snowfall amounts are influenced by small-scale banding that can bury your neighborhood but only dust the next town over.

“Weather forecasting will never be precise to the minute or right down to [your] block in [your] lifetime,” said one meteorologist in the central Plains. “Maybe in another 100 years or so, but technology and models THAT reliable and precise won’t exist for a while, and will possibly never exist.”

6. They’re real meteorologists with real degrees

This is the one point on which any meteorologist will gladly correct the record.

The ultimate stereotype for a broadcast meteorologist is that they’re just a telegenic personality reading from a pre-written script. That may have had a whiff of truth to it half a century ago, but that’s certainly not the case anymore.

7. They create their own forecasts

Most weathercasters you see on the news are fully degreed meteorologists who create their own forecasts in-house before each broadcast and deliver the forecast off-the-cuff without using teleprompters. Viewers make life-saving decisions during severe weather based on what those meteorologists say. Rest assured — they know their stuff.

8. You need to learn where you live on a map

We can’t talk about the weather without using maps. Hurricane tracks, snowfall totals, and tornado warnings would be hard to understand without looking at a map for reference. But those maps are only useful if you can spot where you live.

It’s surprisingly common for folks to have a hard time finding their hometown on a map. This is often the reason people ask meteorologists all those questions about the forecast. All the answers are there, but they just can’t find where they live.

If you move to a new town or even if you’re just visiting an unfamiliar destination, take some time to study the map and learn how find where you are using just county lines as a reference point. You’ll get some pretty useful information even if you pin your location within a couple of miles of reality.

9. The green screen is harder than it looks

We don’t give much thought to the screen that meteorologists stand in front of when they present the day’s forecast. Most weather presentations are conducted with chroma key technology. The ubiquitous green screen (which is sometimes really blue!) allows an editing program to erase the bright, solid color and replace it with maps and videos for viewers at home.

In the studio, though, all you get to see is that blank screen. Meteorologists have to look at monitors on either side of the map to get their bearings and know what they’re pointing at. It eventually becomes second-nature once you’ve done it long enough, but students in college have to practice for quite a while to make their miming look natural.

Technology has advanced enough — and grown affordable enough — that some television networks like The Weather Channel use actual screens to display the weather, allowing the broadcaster to see in the studio exactly what you see at home. But local television stations still utilize that trusty chroma key technology.

10. They venture into the elements so you don’t have to

We’ve all had a moment when we stare in horror at the television while a hurricane bops a meteorologist around like a chew toy in a corgi’s mouth. It’s enough to make you wonder just what they’re doing out there in the first place. 

The honest answer is a mixed bag. Officially, stations send reporters out into the elements to take the air of curiosity away from viewers. If they show you firsthand what’s going on in a landfalling hurricane or major blizzard, viewers won’t be tempted to go out and give it a whirl themselves. What they don’t admit, though, is that it just makes for good television. After all, what’s a hurricane without Jim Cantore trotting around on a beach in his trademark blue raincoat? The practice also puts reporters closer to residents and officials in the heat of the moment, when they might not answer the phone for an interview but they’ll easily answer a few questions in person.

Dennis Mersereau writes about the weather. His work has appeared in Forbes, Washington Post and Mental Floss, among others. He previously ran The Vane, a popular weather blog, and is the author of The Extreme Weather Survival Guide.